Importance of establishing a security baseline

Hello all,

In this post I will go over what I think should be part of every businesses security process

What is establishing a base line ?

the purpose of establishing a baseline is to know what is normal and what is not normal activity
on your network for example

if you have a website www, you should know how much traffic you get to your site
how many logins a day how much server resources are needed to run this website

this helps with security and troubleshooting example

if your site is really slow you check your servers logs and you have 100+ logins per hour and your CPU usage is high
if you have no baseline what do you compare to ? is this simply regular traffic and your server needs to be upgraded or are you being attacked ?

without a simple baseline you would never know

Also a baseline means rolling out servers and network equipment with a security configuration that adheres to security best practices
for example Microsoft has a tool called MBSA or Microsoft security baseline analyzer this tool make sure
your server are configured to meet the security needs of you servers and your clients
making sure your systems are patched and are following best practices for password security

how else can you establish a baseline ?

1.) check your servers and network equipment regularly for trends in activity
2.) keep a minimum security baseline by following security best practices i.e password with at least 8 characters
3.) run automated tools like Microsoft baseline security analyzer for your windows server

These are just some examples

you can also reference this document by the NIST
which recommends other ways to establish a baseline security policy

So all in all remember maintaining a baseline is just as important as the firewall you rely on to
secure your network

That’s all for this article
If you have any comments or suggestions please let me know !
as always stay secure !!!

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